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All research (reports, studies and publications) produced by SEB Merchant Banking, a division of Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken AB (publ) ("the Bank"), is produced for institutional investors only. It is not intended for private clients or Private Customers (as defined by the UK Financial Services Authority, (the "FSA”)) and must not be distributed to private clients or Private Customers.

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Authors' statement of independence (Analyst Certification)
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SEB Research is approved and issued by Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken AB (publ) (“SEB”), a bank organized under the laws of the Kingdom of Sweden, on behalf of itself and its affiliates for institutional investors. SEB is not a registered Broker-Dealer under the US Securities and Exchange Act of 1934. This report must not be distributed to retail clients except those of SEB Oslo Branch and, in case of research distributed via SEB Helsinki Branch, to its retail clients located in Finland.

This research report is produced for the private information of recipients - if you are not a client of ours, you are not entitled to this research report, and should destroy it. The document is not, and should not be construed as, an offer to sell or solicitation of an offer to buy any securities. Opinions contained in the report represent the author's present opinion only and may be subject to change. In the event that the author's opinion should change or a new analyst with a different opinion becomes responsible for our coverage of the company concerned, we shall endeavour (but do not undertake) to disseminate any such change, within the constraints of any regulations, applicable laws, internal procedures within SEB, or other circumstances.

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All information, including statements of fact, contained in this research report have been obtained from SEB, Bloomberg or Macrobond and compiled in good faith from sources believed to be reliable. However, no representation or warranty, express or implied, is made by SEB with respect to the completeness or accuracy of its contents, and it is not to be relied upon as authoritative and should not be taken in substitution for the exercise of reasoned, independent judgement by you. Recipients are urged to base their investment decisions upon such investigations as they deem necessary. To the extent permitted by applicable law, no liability whatsoever is accepted by SEB for any direct or consequential loss arising from the use of this document or its contents.

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SEB is a member of, inter alia, Nasdaq OMX Nordic, Oslo Stock Exchange, the London Stock Exchange, NYSE Euronext, Frankfurt Stock Exchange, Tallinn Stock Exchange as well as certain European MTF’s such as BATS-Chi-X, Turquoise, Burgundy, XUBS, POSIT and Sigma-X. SEB is regulated by Finansinspektionen in Sweden and, for the conduct of investment services business, in (i) Denmark by Finanstilsynet, (ii) Norway by Finanstilsynet, (iii) Finland by Finanssivalvonta, (iv) Germany by Bundesanstalt für Finanzdienstleistungsaufsicht, (v) the UK by the Financial Conduct Authority and Prudential Regulation Authority (details about the extent of our regulation by the Financial Conduct Authority and Prudential Regulation Authority are available from us on request), (vi) Estonia by the Estonian Financial Supervision Authority, (vii) Lithuania by the Bank of Lithuania, (viii) Singapore by the Monetary Authority of Singapore, and (ix) Hong Kong by Securities and Futures Commission. SEBSI is a U.S. broker-dealer, registered with the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA). SEBSI is a subsidiary of SEB. SEBSI is authorized to engage in the underwriting of securities but does not make markets or otherwise engage in any proprietary trading in any securities. SEB’s research reports are prepared in accordance with the industry standards and codes of conduct applicable to financial analysts in the countries where they are based. In Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden, analysts act in accordance with the rules of ethics of each country’s Society of Financial Analysts. Analysts comply with the recommendations and industry standards of the Danish, Norwegian and the Swedish Securities Dealers Associations and with those of the Federation of Finnish Financial Services. Analysts certified by the CFA Institute also comply with the Code of Ethics of the CFA Institute.

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All research reports are produced by SEB’s Research department, which is separated from the rest of its activities by an Information Barrier; as such, research reports are independent and based solely on publicly available information. Following standard practice, recommendations and target share prices are removed from research on companies which are the subject of public offers on which SEB is advising. The remuneration of staff within the Research department is determined exclusively by research management and senior management and may include discretionary awards based on the firm’s total earnings, including investment banking income; however, no such staff receive remuneration based upon specific investment banking transactions. SEB’s Compliance department monitors the production of research and the observance of the group's procedures designed to prevent any potential conflicts of interest from affecting the content of research.

Your attention is also drawn to the fact that:
The current market price of the instruments shown in this report is the price prevailing at the close of the business day preceding the date of publication or when applicable a more recent price than that. Unless explicitly stated otherwise in this report, SEB expects (but does not undertake) to issue updates to this report following the publication of material new figures or forecasts relevant to the instruments covered, or upon the occurrence of other events which could potentially have a material effect on it. The instruments discussed in this research report may not be eligible for sale in all countries, and such instruments may not be suitable for all types of investors. Offers and sales of instruments discussed in this research report, and the distribution of this report, may be made only in countries where such instruments are exempt from registration or qualification or have been so registered or qualified for offer and sale, and in accordance with applicable broker-dealer and agent/salesman registration or licensing requirements. Additional recommendation history for the instrument is available at http://www.seb.se/research

SEB Research & Strategy determines the global economic backdrop and outlook for fixed income, FX and commodity markets using; 1) own analysis and aggregation tools, including proprietary models and indicators and amended by publicly available data providers (free and fee-based) such as Macrobond, Bloomberg and others; 2) input from other research units within SEB; 3) Various research reports (free and fee-based). The various sources being integrated must fulfil the principles of consistency, plausibility and must be backed by fact. Final consideration as to any valuations, projections and forecasts contained in this report are based on a number of assumptions and estimates and are subject to contingencies and uncertainties, and their inclusion in this report should not be regarded as a representation or warranty by or on behalf of the Group or any person or entity within the Group that they or their underlying assumptions and estimates will be met or realized. Different assumptions could result in materially different results. Past performance is not a reliable indicator of future performance. Foreign currency rates of exchange may adversely affect the value, price or income of any security or related investment mentioned in this report. In addition, investors in securities, such as ADRs, whose values are influenced by the currency of the underlying security, effectively assume currency risk


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